Carper’s Pattern of Knowing Theory

Posted: July 23rd, 2022

Barbara Carper, a nursing Professor, is the nurse behind Carper’s Pattern of Knowing. Carper first published the science of Knowing in 1978. She believes that the discovery of self and others comes with reflection, synthesis of perception, and connecting to existing knowledge.

The theory is essential in the nursing career. It shapes the experiences of a nurse and helps them in their day-to-day work. Carper herself was among the first nurses to undergo a four-year nurse training at . She has extensive knowledge and experience as a nurse anesthetist. 

The pattern of Knowing Theory

Carper’s Pattern of Knowing is a theory that describes the different ways in which nurses gain knowledge. There are four main patterns: empirical, personal, ethical, and esthetic.

Empirical Knowledge

Empirical knowledge comes through observation and experimentation. It is the type of knowledge that is most often associated with science. Empirical knowledge comes through experience rather than deductive reasoning and innate ideas. 

Personal Knowing

Personal knowledge comes through our own experiences. It can be both positive and negative experiences. It is this type of knowledge that helps us to make decisions based on our personal values.

Ethical Knowledge

Ethical knowledge comes through our understanding of right and wrong. This type of knowledge is vital in making sure that we act in a way that is morally correct.

Esthetic Knowledge

Esthetic knowledge comes through our appreciation of beauty. It can be in the form of art, music, or nature. It is this type of knowledge that helps us to find meaning in life. 

Carper’s Pattern of Knowing is a helpful way to think about the different types of knowledge that nurses use in their everyday practice.

Carper’s Pattern of Knowing Application to Nurse Practice

Carper’s Pattern of Knowing is a helpful tool for nurses’ everyday practice. It can help nurses become aware of how they gain knowledge and ensure 

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